Senza sensori, come sarebbe il mondo?

- 2021-06-10-

Quando si tratta disensori, le persone di solito sentono di più e vedono di meno. Infatti, con il crescente sviluppo della tecnologia dei sensori, i suoi scenari applicativi sono penetrati nelle tecnologie militari, energetiche, robotiche, di controllo automatico, di protezione ambientale, di trasporto, mediche e chimiche, di elettrodomestici e di telerilevamento.

1. L'applicazione disensoriin campo aerospaziale

In addition to the use of sensori to measure speed, acceleration, and flight distance, the spacecraft's flight direction, flight attitude, flight environment, the status of the aircraft itself, and the monitoring of internal equipment must also be detected by sensori, as well as the internal environment of the spacecraft (such as Humidity, temperature, air composition, etc.) must be detected by sensori.
Inoltre, la tecnologia di telerilevamento viene utilizzata per il rilevamento su larga scala di oggetti e dei loro stati in vaste aree su lunghe distanze da aeroplani, satelliti artificiali, veicoli spaziali e navi.
2. Application of sensori in robots

In places with high labor intensity or dangerous operations and some high-speed, high-precision jobs, robots have gradually been used to replace human jobs. But to make the functions of robots and humans closer, it is necessary to install visual sensori and tactile sensori on the robots, so that the robots can recognize and detect objects through vision, and produce pressure, force, sliding feeling and weight on objects through touch feeling.
3. Application of sensori in industrial automatic control systems

I sensori sono il collegamento principale del rilevamento automatico e del controllo automatico. Se non esiste un sensore per misurare in modo accurato e affidabile le informazioni originali (segnali o parametri), è impossibile ottenere l'automazione dall'estrazione del segnale, dalla conversione, dall'elaborazione alla produzione o al controllo. Si può notare che il sensore è essenziale nel sistema di controllo automatico.
4. Applicazione disensorinella protezione dell'ambiente

Global air pollution, water pollution and noise have severely damaged the ecological balance of the earth and the environment on which we depend. In order to protect the environment, various environmental monitoring instruments made of sensori are playing an active role. Such as the use of biological sensori to monitor water quality, the detection of the amount of sewage in the sewage monitoring system, the identification of sewage components, etc., all use sensori to monitor.
5. L'applicazione disensoriin medicina

Sensors can be usedin medicina to perform difficult diagnosis on the surface and internal temperature of the human body, blood pressure, intracavity pressure, blood and respiratory flow, tumor, blood analysis, pulse and heart sounds, and heart and brain waves. It plays a role in a wide range of early diagnosis, early treatment, remote diagnosis and the development of artificial organs.
6. Applicazione disensorinel trasporto

Sensors are also widely usednel trasporto. Sensors are used in vehicle transportation to detect the number of axles, wheelbase, vehicle speed monitoring, vehicle classification, dynamic weighing, toll station scales, red light shooting, parking area monitoring, and traffic information collection (road monitoring) ) And airport taxiways. In vehicles, it is not only limited to the monitoring of driving speed, driving distance and engine rotation speed, but also used for safety monitoring, such as car airbag systems, anti-theft devices, anti-skid control systems, anti-lock braking devices, electronic transmission control devices, Exhaust gas circulation devices, electronic fuel injection devices, and automobile "black boxes" have all been put into practical use.
7. L'applicazione disensorinella vita quotidiana

Sensors can be seen everywhere in our daily lives. For example, sensori are used in household appliances: temperature sensori in refrigerators and rice cookers, temperature and humidity sensori in air conditioners, liquid level sensori in washing machines, and gas leak sensori in gas stoves. , Water meters, electricity meters, infrared remote controls in TVs and DVD players, light sensori in cameras, fuel gauges and speedometers in cars, etc.